10th Light Horse Regiment


‘Percute et Percute Velocitor’ 

The first of the mounted units in Western Australia to be officially formed was the Pinjarra Mounted Volunteers raised in October 1862. Other volunteer units followed between 1870 and 1897 under such titles as Union Troop of Western Australian Mounted Volunteers, The Wellington Mounted Volunteers and The Perth Mounted Rifle Volunteers. However these were short lived and by 1897 all had been disbanded.

On 7th June, 1900 orders were given to raise the Western Australian Mounted Infantry. By 1901 this was completed and it is in this Volunteer Cavalry Regiment that A Sqn 10th Light Horse Regiment has its origin.

During the South African War 1899-1902 the colony of Western Australia raised and sent nine contingents (six Western Australian Mounted Infantry and three Australian Commonwealth Horse).

It is in recognition of services of members of the Volunteer Regiment, the Western Australian Mounted Infantry, that the Militia Light Horse Regiment was formed (later the 10th Light Horse Regiment) and was granted the battle honour ‘South Africa 1900-02’.

In 1903 with the Commonwealth Government controlling Australia’s defence, the 18th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Western Australian Mounted Infantry) was formed.

With the establishing of Military Districts throughout the Commonwealth a new system of designation was introduced and in 1912 the 18th A.L.H. (W.A.M.I.) became the 25th Light Horse (W.A.M.I.).

At the outbreak of the Great War in 1914 the Australian Imperial Force (A.I.F.) was raised. Initially a mounted unit was not required from Western Australia however approval was given for C Squadron of the 7th Light Horse Regiment to be formed in Western Australia (the balance from Qld and N.S.W.). Interest was so great that it was realised that a complete Regiment could be formed by West Australians and the 10th Light Horse Regiment was established.

The Regiment first saw action on Gallipoli Peninsula as Infantry; their baptism of fire being at Quinn’s Post and Pope’s Hill. As part of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade the Regiment, together with the 8th Light Horse Regiment, was involved in the action of THE NEK where both units showed outstanding gallantry but suffered severely.

The only Victoria Cross gained by an Australian Light Horse unit in the First World War was won on Gallipoli by 2LT H.V.H. Throssell of 10th Light Horse at Hill 60 on 29/30 August, 1915.

Following the evacuation  from the Peninsula, 10th Light Horse saw much fighting throughout the campaigns in Sinai, Palestine, Jordan and Syria. In the long advance which was to eventually terminate with the fall of Damascus, 10th Light Horse had the honour of leading the Australian Mounted Division. The Regiment accepted the formal surrender of Damascus on 1st October, 1918.

Before returning home after the Armistice, 10th Light Horse was involved in quelling the bitter Egyptian uprising of 1919.

On arrival in Australia 10th Light Horse Regiment A.I.F. was disbanded in 1919. However to perpetuate the traditions and distinctions gained by the A.I.F. in the Great War it was decided to redesignate the Citizen Force Units to confirm with the numbers of the A.I.F., therefore (with the effect from October 1918) 25th Light Horse
(W.A.M.I.) became 10th Light Horse.

On the 10th May, 1928 the Regiment was officially presented with its Guidon with Battle Honours from the South African and Great Wars. In 1936 10th Light Horse gained affiliation to the 10th Royal Hussars.

During the Second World War in 1940 with one Squadron mechanised, the title changed to 10th Reconnaissance Battalion (W.A.M.I.). By 1942 the title was once again changed to 10th L.H. Regiment (W.A.M.I.) with yet another change to 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment occurring in the same year. In 1943 the unit gained A.I.F. status however did not serve overseas.

In 1949 10th W.A.M.I. was formed and equipped with Staghound Armoured Cars and Canadian Scout Cars. In 1956 the title 10th Light Horse was again adopted and by this stage was equipped with Staghound Armoured
Cars, Ferret Scout Cars, White and Saracen APCs.

A new Guidon was presented during a mounted parade in 1966 by the then Governor of Western Australia, Sir Douglas Kendrew.

In 1969 10th Light Horse was re-equipped with the M113A1 family of vehicles and continues with these to the present time.

In 1976 10th Light Horse became A Sqn 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Miscellaneous Information

Unit Motto – ‘Percute et Percute Velocitor’ – (Strike and Strike Swiftly)
Regimental March – ‘Marching through Georgia’

Battle Honours:

South Africa 1900-1902 Sari Bair
Magdhabarafah Jerusalem
Meggido Defence of Anzac
Romani Gaza – Beersheba
Jordon (Es Salt) Damascus